causative: a derived form of a verb which has the meaning 'cause someone/something to do/be something'. Causative affixes produce a transitive stem. For instance the suffix "-en" functions as a causative in "roughen" because it means 'cause something to be (or become) rough'. Causatives and applicatives are two important classes of derived transitive verbal structures in many languages. For instance, the stem "teki-ltia", with the causative suffix "-ltia", is the causative form of "teki" 'cut', and it means 'make (the object) cut (something else)'. [Spanish: causativo]