SIL Mexico

Yuman Family
Cocopa, Kiliwa, Kumiai (and Tipai), Paipai


The majority of the languages in the Yuman family are found in the state of Baja California Norte (apart from the other languages of this family, which are found today only in California and Arizona in the U.S.). Cocopa is spoken in Sonora and also in the state of Arizona. All of these languages are considered endangered.

Map of MexicoMap: where the Yuman languages are spoken

Some speakers of the Tipai subvariety of Kumiai use the name Cochimi to refer to themselves; linguists usually use that name to refer to a group that is now extinct. There is another language in this family, closely related to Tipai according to some linguists, spoken in Santa Catarina by a very small group, also referred to as Ko'al.

The Yuman languages have long been considered to be part of the putative Hokan stock.

Resources on the languages in this family


The Summer Institute of Linguistics has not carried out research in this language family. For information about publications that have appeared (some of which are available on-line), consult this page, looking under Paipai.


For more information